Travel to Hamadan
A province with a great historical past, a cool climate in the summer and unique historical and natural tourist attractions. Due to the mild and favorable climate of Hamadan in the warm seasons of the year, it is a great option for summer trips. That is why today we intend to fully introduce this province and we are trying to tell you everything you need to travel to Hamadan. So if you are planning to travel to Hamadan, we suggest you read the Hamadan Travel Guide.
Geographical location of Hamadan province
Hamadan province is one of the highest provinces in the west of the country. The province is bounded on the north by the provinces of Qazvin and Zanjan, on the west by the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, on the south by the province of Lorestan and on the east by the central province. Hamadan is one of the highest areas of the country with an area of over 5 square kilometers. The city of Hamedan is located on the slopes of Alvand Mountain and its height is 5 meters above sea level. For this reason, it is considered one of the coldest cities in Iran. The original design of the city of Hamadan was designed by German engineers, but due to the dramatic increase in population over the past decades and the need for more construction, there was nothing left. It is the 14th most populous city in Iran, with a population of more than 5.4 .
Members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, in a resolution adopted in 5, declared Hamadan the capital of Iranian history and civilization. The cool and temperate climate, the capital of one of the earliest civilizations of the ancient world, the presence of unique and fascinating historical and natural attractions, as well as warm and hospitable people, has made Hamadan one of the tourist hubs of the western region of the country. Continue along with the Hamadan travel guide.
History of Hamadan
The geographical and climatic location of Hamadan has made us inhabit the Iranian ethnicity for thousands of years. Excavations at Nahyan hills have revealed the existence of Hamadan for at least 6000 years. For years before the Aryan tribes came to Iran, a Kassian tribe settled in the area. According to the findings, the civilization of the province can be traced back to at least the third millennium BC.
But Hamedan is more commonly known as the kingdom of the Medes. According to the writings of renowned Greek historian Herodotus, the Medes were able to come to power in the late eighth century BCE under the leadership of an individual named Diako, establishing the first unified and powerful government on the Iranian plateau. Diaco chose the first king of the Medes, Hamadan, as his capital of the empire, a capital known as Hegmataneh. Today, remnants of the Hegmataneh hill are considered to be the remains of the city and Diako Castle. Hamadan also flourished during the Achaemenid period and was known as their summer capital. The remains of the Achaemenid period indicate the importance of this area at that time.
In Alexander’s invasion of Iran, Hamadan was one of the places where he plundered and destroyed many of his towns and villages. During the Parthian and Sassanid periods, Hamadan was considered one of the most important cities of the country. Hamadan history has had many ups and downs in Islamic times. Take the bloody wars and uprisings of the early days of Islam to Iran’s six-year war with Iraq.
The best time to travel to Hamedan
Due to the location of Hamadan city on the slopes of Alvand high mountains, the winters are very cold and snowy. It has a cool and relatively temperate climate in summer. The hottest months of the year are July and August, with temperatures rising to around 2 degrees Celsius, and the coldest months are January and February with temperatures around -5 ° C. But spring and summer are the best times to visit the area. Traveling to this area from mid-May to the end of summer will be a pleasant journey.
Foods in Hamadan
In this part of the Hamadan travel guide we talk about hiking in this beautiful city. It has a great variety of food. Hamadani broths and soups include the region’s most famous cuisine. Bozbash broth, lamb cabbage broth, broccoli broccoli, broccoli broccoli, broccoli broccoli, pepperoni broccoli, sesame kebab, etc. are among the most popular Hamedan indigenous foods that we recommend to try for around $ 6,000.
Hamadan tourist attractions
Ali Sadr Cave
Alisadr Cave is undoubtedly the most famous (natural) tourist attraction in Hamadan. Alisadr is the longest water cave in the world, about 4 kilometers from Hamadan. You will see the most beautiful natural scenery in this amazing cave. To visit this cave you have to go to Kabudarahang city and Alisadr village. Once you get the ticket, you will go deep into the cave by boat and watch its wonders closely. There are hiking trails in parts of the cave. The interesting thing about this cave, and many other caves, is that the air temperature is constant throughout the year and around 2 degrees Celsius. While traveling to Hamedan, do not forget to visit Alisadr’s unique cave.
Ganjnameh inscriptions are one of the most important ancient stone inscriptions of the country that are reminiscent of Darius the Great and the Achaemenid king Khashayar. The inscriptions were carved in three ancient Persian, Elamite and Babylonian languages at the heart of Mount Alvand. We draw your attention to the translation of part of the inscription: “Great God is Ahuramazda, who created the land, created the heaven, created the people, created happiness for the people, who made Darius the king, king Among the many, the reign of the many. I call Darius the Great King, King of kings, King of lands of different races, King of lands far and wide, the noble son of the Achaemenid. ”
After viewing these treasured monuments in the Treasure Letter Collection, go to the beautiful Treasure Letter Waterfall. This waterfall is 3 meters high and is located on the route to the highlands of Alvand Mountain. Ganjnameh Waterfall hosts tourists and enthusiasts of rock climbing and climbing both in the warm and cold seasons of the year. Adjacent to these attractions are a 3-meter-long treasure trove cabin. Banjo jumping, bowling alley, sledding, coffee shop and restaurant, etc. are among the other amenities of the Hamadan Treasure Historical and Recreational Complex.
Abu Ali Sina Tomb
Following is a travel guide to Hamadan introducing the medical tomb that his books teach at American universities. The famous Iranian poet, sage, mystic, and mystic whose name is intricate in the world rests in the city of Hamadan. The design of Bu Ali Sina’s tomb is inspired by the famous dome tower of Qaboos in Gonbad. Part of the building is dedicated to the museum and the preservation of ancient artifacts from the city, and part of it is dedicated to the display of books and works by Bu Ali Sina. Bu Ali Sina tomb is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Hamadan located in a field of the same name in the city center.
tomb of Baba Taher Oryan
The tomb of another famous poet of the country, Baba tahir oryan, is also in the city of Hamadan. Baba taher is one of the famous poets of four and five centuries. This tomb is located in Baba tahir Square of Hamadan. In the vicinity of this building there is also a Museum of Handicrafts in the city of Hamadan which we suggest to visit.
Here is a guide to one of the oldest historical sites in the country. Hegmataneh is called the first capital of the country. According to the famous Greek historian Herodotus, the city was built by the order of Diako, the first king of the Medes. It is said that the city was divided into two layers of walls, each of which had a specific color. Diako himself lived in the heart of the city and in the last layer, so ordinary people could not see him closely. During the excavations of this area, valuable artifacts from various historical periods, including the Achaemenids, were also discovered. The Hegmataneh Museum is adjacent to the ancient hill, and many of the artifacts are kept in the museum.
Hamadan Alavian Dome
One of the prominent monuments of the Islamic era in the city of Hamadan is the Alavian dome, which is adjacent to Imamzadeh Abdullah. The Alavian dome is number one on the list of national monuments of Iran.
Hamadan’s traditional bazaar, Hamadan’s stone lion statue, Varkana tourism village, Ekbatan Dam and Sarab Giyan Lake in Nahavand, Esther and Mordechai Tomb, Hamadan Jame Mosque and Ghorban Tower are other attractions of Hamadan.
The final word
On your trip to Hamadan province, be sure to visit the village of Laleh Jain, a pottery hub in Iran. Pottery is the most famous souvenir in the province that you can buy in addition to Laleh Jain, from the historic market of Hamadan. In our travel guide to Hamadan, we tried to provide useful content for those who are planning to travel to this area. Hamadan is a city of beauties, so include it in your summer program.