1.Persepolis (Takht-e-Jamshid) and Pasargadae:
The English word Persepolis is derived from Ancient Greek, meaning “the Persian city” or “the city of the Persians”. Iranians call it Takht-e Jamshid (The throne of Jamshid who is the first, probably mythical, ruler of Iran).
Persepolis is undoubtedly the main attraction that lures tourists to Iran. Located about 70 kilometers (43.5 miles) outside the modern city of Shiraz, it was the former capital of Darius the Great and founded in 512 BC. There was no more impressive construction in the ancient world, except perhaps Karnak in Egypt. Even though it’s believed that Alexander is the responsible of Persepolis destruction in a gesture symbolizing the destruction of Persian imperial power, the place is still one of the greatest wonders of the ancient world.
Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. It stands as an exceptional witness to the Achaemenid civilization. The name of the city may have been derived from that of the chief Persian tribe, the Pasargadae, although it is possible that is originated from”Parsagadeh” means “Throne of Pars”.
The most important monument in Pasargadae is the tomb of Cyrus the Great.
Compared with other mosques of Iran, Nasir al Mulk Mosque Architecture is completely different: The mosque has wonderful stained glass, so once the sunlight hits the glasses, the entire building is flooded by a rainbow of colors.
It is also known as the Pink Mosque, due to the plethora of pink-colored tiles blanketing the ceiling. The best time to visit the mosque is in the early morning, when the sun reflects the stained glass patterns onto the floor.
Naqsh-e Jahan Square (meaning “The image of the world”), or Meidan-e Emam (also Shah Square and Imam Square), is the most famous attraction of Isfahan city, placed at the center of the city. The square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The three main components of power in Persia during Safavid days are present at the square. The Imperial Bazaar as merchants’ power, The Lotfollah Mosque as the clergy power, and Ali Qapu Palace as the king’s powers are gathered in this square.
4. Golestan Palace:
Golestan Palace Complex is considered as the best manifestation of Iranian art and architecture of Qajar era. It consists of 17 palaces, museums and halls. Nearly all parts of the complex were built during 200 years of Qajar kings ruled. These palaces were used for many different occasions such as coronation and other important celebrations.
What today can be seen in this palace complex consists of: Shams-ol Emareh, Main Palace (including Greeting Hall or Museum Room as well as Mirror Hall), Abyaz Palace, Hoze Khaneh, Eyvan-e Takht-e Marmar, Khalvat-e Karimkhani, Ivory Hall (Sofreh Khaneh), Berelian Hall, Almas Hall, Badgir Hall, Negarkhaneh, Emarat-e Khabgah, and Chador Khaneh.
5. Kandovan Village:
Kandovan village is one of the three cliff villages in the world. Its houses are stone-built and have a unique architecture that attracts many foreign tourists every year. There are two other cliff villages with similar structures in Turkey’s Cappadocia and US’s Manitou Cliff Dwellings in Colorado. However, these two cliff villages are not inhabited and they leave Kandovan as the only inhabited cliff village in the world. After the eruption of Sahand the materials were naturally moved and formed the rocks of Kandovan.
6. Tchogha Zanbil:
Tchogha Zanbil is the ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, centered on a great ziggurat and surrounded by three huge concentric walls. Tchogha Zanbil ziggurat is one of the few existing ziggurats outside Mesopotamia, and the biggest in the world. It was the first religious building in Iran, constructed in five floors totally with the height of 52 m from, of which only 2 floors and half remained.
Chogha Zanbil is a local word made up of the two Chogha meaning hill and Zanbil meaning basket, parts.
7. Shazdeh Garden:
As other Persian gardens, Shazdeh Garden is a unique example of glorious Iranian art and architecture. The point about the garden is that it is located in the desert where nothing exists but dry plains. Shazdeh Garden is 5.5 hectares and has a rectangular shape with a wall around it. It consists of an entrance and a gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end. The distance between these two is lined by water fountains. The garden color is very picturesque. Ambience is so peaceful and relaxing.
IRAN CULTURAL TOURS:(VISIT IRANIAN HISTORICAL PLACES)
IRAN ADVENTURE TOURS:(VISIT IRANIAN UNIQUE NATURE)