Since its establishment as the capital city by Agha Moḥammad Khan in 1796, Tehran has grown from a small city to a major metropolis. In the last two decades, the city, currently ranked 29th in the world by its metropolitan population, has witnessed a major migration of population from other cities of Iran and has turned into an interesting mixture of both traditionalism and modernity.
While the chaotic traffic of the city might throw visitors off at first, it’s more than made up for by the warm hospitality of the locals, the stunning landscapes and the fusion of east and west that can be found both in the north of the city – the wealthier, more modern part – and the more crowded and chaotic south. Complex and multi-faceted like the colourful mosaics of its mosques, Tehran is also the main cultural hub in Iran.
Tehran is Iran’s largest city and urban area, and the largest city in Western Asia. The city is home to many monument of contemporary history and modern era. Some of the famous museums of Tehran are: Golestan palace and Grand Bazaar, Niavaran and Sa’d Abad palace, the National Museum, the Anthropological Museum, Abgineh (Glass) Museum, the Museum of Contemporary Arts, Treasury of national Museum, the Fine Arts Museum, Decorative Arts Museum and the Carpet Museum. There are also several large beautiful parks in Tehran and its suburbs beside the city’s natural parks located in the mountains around the capital.
Tehran’s various climatic condition is because of being located between the Alborz Mountains and central desert. Generally, the weather in Tehran can be described as mild and windy, with occasional showers, in the spring and autumn, hot and dry during the summer, and cold with rain and snow in the winter.
For solo travelers, Tehran’s prominent transportation system including subway, BRT and taxis makes circulating along the city easier in comparison with the highlighted cities of Shiraz and Isfahan.
Last but certainly not least, in the last two decades of the 20th century, television screens and newspaper articles around the world portrayed Tehrān as a deeply religious city steeped in tradition, fighting against modernization and Westernization. While the Iranian self-image is that of an ancient people with a long history and a rich heritage, Tehrān challenges these images, as the corporeal city is relatively young.