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Persian calendar

One of the most spurring things about Iran is the Persian calendar. Unlike most of the countries which follow Gregorian calendar (Jan-Feb-mars,…), Iranians use solar Persian calendar or Hijri calendar or  (Farvardin, Ordibehesht, Khordad,…) and not the lunar calendar of Arabic countries (Muharram, Safar, Rabi’ al-awwal,…). Persian calendar is one of the world’s most accurate calendar systems.

Persian calendar

Unlike the Gregorian calendar, which follows a set of predetermined rules to stay in sync with the solar year, the Solar Hijri calendar is based on astronomical observations. The year begins at midnight closest to the vernal equinox in Iran—specifically at the Iran Standard Time meridian at longitude 52.5° east, which runs about 250 miles (400 km) east of Tehran. The first day of the new year is called Nowruz, and it is celebrated around the world by Iranian people.

Tying the Solar Hijri calendar so closely to the astronomical seasons makes it much more accurate than the Gregorian calendar, which, even in its modern form, deviates from the solar year by 1 day in 3236 years.

Persian calendar month

Persian calendar is divided into 12 months which are:

spring= Farvardin, Ordibehesht, Khordad,

Summer Tir, Mordad, Shahrivar,

Autumn= Mehr, Aban, Azar,

Winter= Dey, Bahman, Esfand.

The first six months of the year have 31 days, and months 7 through 11 have 30 days. The last month, Esfand, has 29 days in a common year and 30 days in a leap year.

What day is today in Persian calendar?

To check out which date is today in Persian calendar, click here. There, you can convert your own calendar to the Persian calendar.

Before traveling

Before doing any action regarding to traveling to Iran, take a look at the Persian calendar. you can add the Persian calendar to your google calendar app. Follow the rules written here in order to add the Persian calendar to your smartphone.

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