MullaBashi’s house or the house of Motamedi is a historical monument that includes works of Safavid, Zandieh and Qajar, that has been purchased by Dr. Motamedi and opened recently to visitors after several years of reconstruction. This Historical House is registered on the National World Heritage list under No. 5883.
Who was MullaBashi?
MullahBashi was the astronomer of Nasser al-Din Shah who was sent to Isfahan for a mission. His story dates back to the time of Qajar dynasty and the reign of Zell-e Sultan, the eldest son of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar in Isfahan. Zell-e Sultan was not selected as the Crown Prince because he was born from a non-Qajar mother. This issue led him to some psychological complex, by which he wanted to demonstrate his power. Zell-e Sultan destroyed all of the Safavid artifacts, and most strikingly is the damage done to the nature of Iran in the Miankaleh area. He killed many of the native animals of Iran.
To protest his unconventional and ugly behavior, his wife went to the house of AghaNajafi Akhund, the trustee of the period in Isfahan. This house is now known as the Constitution House, which is only a 5-minute walk to MullaBashi’s house in Isfahan. So, the two houses are very close to each other.
In the aftermath of the incident, Zell-e Sultan summoned his his sons to punish his wife and told them that whoever killed his mother, would get half of his property! This incident caused a tense atmosphere and let to bring MullahBashi to Isfahan. He was a moderate clergyman who was called to Isfahan to calm the tense created atmosphere.
With the arrival of MullahBashi in Isfahan, he resided this present historical house. MullahBashi ‘s house in Esfahan was not that big or beautiful at the time, but it was in a good position among other Isfahani politicians and clerics’ houses. For example, the house of Malek al-Tajar or the house of Agha Najafi Akhund was only a few steps away. MullahBashi settled in the house by the order of the government.
When MullahBashi entered the house, it consisted of only two Panj Dari (five-door room) and a Summer- Alcove that was remained from Zandiyeh period. So, the house didn’t seem very significant. But with MullaBashi’s residence, things changed. The Alcove section (a niche in a five-door room (Panj Dari) where the guests sit) and Noh Dari (nine-door room) were added to the house. These two new sections are now one of the most important and attractive rooms in this house. Most of the photos you see on the Internet were taken from these rooms.
MullaBashi’s house can be divided into four main sections:
1. Outdoor Courtyard
When Dr. Motamedi bought MullaBashi’s House,, this part was completely destroyed. So reconstruction looks more than anywhere else. The Stairs leading to upstairs and onto the porch are in this courtyard. A beautiful room is located at the far end of the courtyard with colorful and beautiful windows. All of the room’s furniture and appliances are antique, and if you enter the room at sunset, the sunlight that shines on the room through its colored glass is rainbow-like.
This section has been completely refurbished up. The walls of this part of the house are completely painted, but only a part of these paintings that have a long life and can be seen from the past can be found next to the first column, its dimensions are about 20 cm², and in the peeling of the reconstruction done. In these paintings, the name of Iranian planets and ancient months is drawn on the ceiling and walls. There are some rooms in the section that are likely to be used to accommodate important travelers.
3. Inner Courtyard
This part has completely preserved its historic air, the five-door and nine door rooms gave a strange glory to the space. There is only one side of the mansion that does not look appealing to you at first and seems like a simple wall, but when you look at it from a different angle, it is full of paintings that added beauty to the building. The high middle water pond leads to the Alcove, below which there is a crypt.
4. Alcove (Shah-Neshin)
The Alcove, the most beautiful part of the house, has been the owner’s motive for renovation and fortunately has not suffered much damage over time. The mirror-works on walls, paintings on the plasters, plaster-works, and the light coming from the nine doors, fascinate every visitor. Antique objects can be seen around this room. Decorations on the ceiling and chandeliers have helped to make this section of the house beautiful.
Other Section of MullaBashi’s House
This house has more than 10 rooms. Each of them has its own feature and is named as one of the Iranian months.