An Example of Islamic Architecture
With the Highest Minaret in Iran
Yazd is considered as a wonder destination for history lovers. Streets full of historical monuments, traditional hotels and cafe and the historical district of the city are gathered together to make it as the only UNESCO-listed Iranian city where people still live. Jameh Mosque of Yazd is located in the historical district of Yazd and was registered in Iran’s National Heritage in 1934 under the registration number of 206.
Three main dynasties were mostly involved in the construction of Jame Mosque of Yazd: The Buiyd dynasty (10th century), the Ilkhanid/Mongol dynasty (13th to 14th century), the Timurid dynasty (14th to 16th century).
According to the historians, the mosque was built initially in the place of the Sassanid fire temple under Ala’oddoleh Garshasb of the Al-e Bouyeh dynasty. Then it was reconstructed twice, between 1324 and 1365, first by order of Ala’oddoleh Kalanjar in 6th century A.H. The main construction of the current building was done by order of “Seyyed Rokn al-Din Mohammad Qazi”.
The mosque is still in use and is a good example of the Azari Style or Mongol Style of Persian architecture which focused notably in height. One of the greatest features of this place is the square shape of the mosque which makes it look like Kaaba (Great Mosque of Mecca). The decorations done by plaster, tile and brick, make it one of the most wondering mosques in the world. The lighting of the mosque is indirectly provided by reflecting to the white plasterworks of the dome and walls.
• The Four Main Sections of the Mosque
– Main Portal with The Minarets
– Dome Chamber
– Praying Hall
There are seven entrances to the Jameh Mosque of Yazd, but only four of them are open and the portal with the minarets is the main one and is about 24 meters tall. Portal Entrance’s facade is decorated with tile-work, among which ninety nine holy names of God are written. The two lofty minarets are about 52 meters high (with the diameter of 6 meters) and date back to Safavid era. These two minarets differ in their staircases. The right minaret has two staircases, but the left has only one.
Behind the mosque’s south-east porch in the courtyard, there is the Dome Chamber that is decorated with faience mosaic. The patterns of the mosaics are filled with the name of prophet of Islam and sentences from the holy book of Quran.
The Alter of Jameh Mosque of Yazd is built out of marble. It is believed that the soil used in that was a sacred one from Karbala and instead of using water, rose water is used.
The Praying Hall of the mosque has two sections, one used in winters and the other in spring.
• Inscriptions and Their History
– The tile-work inscription of the mosque, located in the eastern entrance vestibule (The oldest one), dated 1364 A.D.
– Another stone and tile-work inscriptions in this vestibule, dated 1369 A.D, 1375 A.D, 1417 A.D, 1459 A.D, 1471 A.D and 1540 A.D.
– Two edicts by “Shah Abbas”, dated 1596 A.D and 1613 A.D.
– An edict by «Shah Safi». dated 1636 A.D
– An edict by «Mirza Mohammad Mohsen» -the governor of Yazd-, dated 1703 A.D
– two other bequeathal inscriptions existed in this vestibule. dated 1709 A.D and 1765 A.D
– Inscriptions in the eastern porch, dated 1416 A.D, 1457 A.D and 1486 A.D)
– Two inscription in the main porch, dated 1410 A.D) and 1433 A.D
– An undated inscription from the time of the «Timurid monarch Shahrokh» in the porch of the mosque