“The Red Village”
Abyaneh, also known as the Red village- is one of the old villages in Iran which combines mountains and deserts, and its history and architecture amaze any tourist who travels to Iran.
The village has a long history which dates back to more than 2,000 years ago. Most of its population is rather old. It’s because the young generations prefer to migrate to bigger cities to have a better opportunity to make a life. Researchers and archaeologists believe that the village originated about 1500 years ago and is one of the historical places in Iran that has become famous worldwide. According to archaeologists, the old mansions of the Abyaneh village were designed and built during the rule of the Seljuk, Qajar, Sassanid, and Safavid dynasties.
The village was registered on Iran’s National Heritage List in 1975.
The main feature of this city is the city’s stepping construction with the roof of each house being the courtyard of the one above it (like Masouleh and Kandovan). Another feature of the city is the use of clay in the houses’ view, which turns the city color into red. The villages of this village mostly made of mud and adobe. At first glance, Abyaneh looks like a multi-storey village, in some cases up to four floors. Among Abyaneh’s old houses, we can mention Gholam Nader Shah’s house and the house of Nayeb Hussein Kashani.
The culture of the village is traditional that makes Abyaneh even more special. The people still wear their traditional costume.
The women’s traditional costume consists of a white long scarf which covers their shoulders and has a colorful or floral pattern and an under-knee skirt or pleated pants.. In winter, they add a velvet vest to their clothes. Men wear traditional clothes as well, which consist of black vest and loose trousers.
Their language is also preserved from ancient time. It has some features of the Middle Persian language, the language of the Sassanian Persia. Viuna is the local language of Abyaneh, which means willows. They say that in the old days, there were a lot of willow trees in Abyaneh.
Historic Attractions Inside Abyaneh
- Harpak Fire Temple
Harpak Fire Temple is the oldest monument in Abyaneh village. It is an as an example of Zoroastrian temples, built on a slope like the other monuments of the village. This Fire Temple is believed to have been constructed of mortar and stone during the Achaemenid era and renovated in the Sassanid era. People claim that Harpak, after whom the place is named, was the last minister of the Ajdak king of the Medes.
The village of Abyaneh has three castles. In the attacking period, people have built these three castles to protect themselves.
Abyaneh has eleven mosques, the most famous of which is Jameh Mosque. The dome of the mosque is the oldest part of the building that has been erecting there since the Seljuks.
There is a monastery in Abyaneh village, where its history dates back to the Safavid period; a three-story building with Safavid ornament. Khaneqah or Monastery is a place that sufies (Muslim mystics) lived and educated there. It was a site of rest and relaxing for The Safavid king and the Sufis.
Abyaneh has two caravanserais in the west of the village and near the current bank, where transactions were made. The caravanserais built by a woman called Fatima Zaghul, which are now damaged by the flood.
- Water Mills
Abyaneh village has three mills, which the local people call “Areh”. They are: Areh Hereh, Areh Mion, Areh Daryoun. These mills are located on the western side of the village on the Daryoun Riverway.