In the center of Tehran, there is a beautiful old building that now is a home of interesting ancient crafts. Glassware and Ceramic Museum of Iran or “Abgineh” Museum, as Iranians call it, is one of the unique collections of glassblowing arts in Iran look like unique collection of archaeological findings in National museum of iran . If you always find glassblowing and glassware interesting, now it’s the best chance for you to see how Persians used to make them thousands of years ago. You can find the rare collection of glass and clay works in this interesting museum with its unique building and architecture.
Abgineh Museum of Iran architecture:
Abgineh Museum of Iran and its surrounding garden have a total area of 7000 square meters. This building has a unique Persian-European architecture. The wooden stair is in Russian style that will catch your eyes. Besides, the interior decoration is very special in its own way. Hence, the museum resembles the ancient architecture of Persia in a modern way. Not only the virtues and objects will amaze you, but the building itself is a masterpiece too. They used more than 50 different types of bricks with floral patterns in the building and exterior.
The museum objects, in general, can be divided into five categories each in a different hall:
1. Enamel gallery:
The potteries in this collection consist of some samples of plain clay vessels belonging to B.C period having angular and animal patterns. On some artifacts, the early examples of glass glazes dating back to the 3rd millennium B.C can be found.
2. Crystal gallery
In this gallery, Achaemenian and Parthian period cut crystal vessels and bottles are displayed for visitors. Various vessels of Sassanian and post-Islam period are also added to this collection.
3. Nacre gallery
The evolution of the Sassanian period’s arts and techniques are observed here. Some samples of 9th to 13th centuries A.D are also exhibited in this gallery. In fact, the flourishing period of glassware and pottery is presented in the showcases here.
4. Gold gallery
The artifacts presented in this gallery consist of the enameled and luster inscribed vessels of the 10th to 13th centuries. The subject of the inscriptions are generally related to good prayers, and poems of Nezamy and Ferdosy. Patterns are mainly human figures in various ceremonies and animals especially birds.
5. Lapis-lazuli galleries 1&2
The objects of these two galleries are evidence for changes in the form and decorations of glassware and pottery artifacts using lapis-lazuli stones. Vases, sprinklers, and ewers in lapis lazuli and light orange colors are Shiraz and Esfahan products.
There is also some crystal made vessels of the 18th and 19th centuries from Europe exhibited in a separate showcase. There is also a library in the northwest of the gardens surrounding Glassware & Ceramic Museum having approximately 3000 volumes of books in Farsi and English on archaeology, history, arts, etc for students and researchers.